Solution-Focused Therapy (SFT; also Solution-Focused Brief Therapy, SFBT) got a mention a couple of posts ago, but deserves some space of its own--it's not unheard of for SFT to show up on the social work licensing exam. What's SFT? Here's GoodTherapy's answer:
Solution focused brief therapy (SFBT) targets the desired outcome of therapy as a solution rather than focusing on the symptoms or issues that brought someone to therapy. This technique only gives attention to the present and the future desires of the client, rather than focusing on the past experiences. The therapist encourages the client to imagine their future as they want it to be and then the therapist and client collaborate on a series of steps to achieve that goal.
Key interventions in SFT include the miracle question (Something like, "Imagine all of your problems had miraculously disappeared. What would be different?"); exception questions ("When do you feel better?"); and coping questions ("What keeps you going?").
What might this look like on the social work exam? Could be in "A social worker using solution-focused therapy..." form, where the answer is something from SFT (probably the miracle question). Or it could reverse that. "A therapist asks client, "If your problems disappeared, what would you notice first?" The therapist is MOST likely using: A. CBT B. Interpersonal Psychotherapy C. Gestalt Therapy D. Solution-Focused Therapy.
Now you've read this, you've got a definition and some interventions under your belt, you're ready to tackle either of those question forms, or pretty much anything else SFT that comes up on the exam.
For more on SFT, try these sites:
Good luck with the exam!
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May 12, 2014